Managing the Internet of Things resembles running an ant colony in some ways. Each device in a network, like ants, has a mission, and those missions are often numerous.
Multi-cloud DevOps plays an integral role in the development of IoT applications. Accessing and maintaining devices that perform tasks and report data in mission-critical applications requires connected device management. Security and uptime must be monitored, and patches and enhancements must be applied to these devices.
IoT deployments must be integrated with IoT application management tools to allow administrators to carry out these tasks. In this article, we will dive into IoT Device management and look at the fundamentals that help manage IoT devices. So let’s get started.
What Is IoT Device Management?
IoT device management refers to techniques and frameworks for provisioning, authenticating, maintaining, and configuring connected devices. It also entails monitoring and diagnosing device problems. In a nutshell, IoT device management keeps connected, secure, and current devices.
A solid IoT device management platform allows network administrators to manage all functions needed to support the IoT solution. For example, monitoring enables the administrator to receive alerts, troubleshoot the devices, reboot them, update their firmware, or decommission them. These are some of the few reasons that show why having a dependable IoT device management system is so important, especially for enterprise-grade IoT solutions that manage tens of thousands or even hundreds of thousands of IoT devices.
A powerful device management platform can replace/update files, perform remote update instructions, and distribute container changes. In addition, it includes all necessary functionality for remotely managing Linux IoT devices, such as remote security control access and device monitoring. Let us now take a look at the Fundamentals of IoT Device Management.
Fundamentals of IoT Device Management
The devices that truly matter must be managed according to some widely accepted standards and best practices that form the foundations of IoT device management. Like in marketing, where a marketer must know key business insights before developing marketing strategies, learning the ropes of the process helps with decision-making within the IoT project. Moreover, it gives you a better understanding of what happens to a connected device throughout its lifecycle.
There are already billions of smart devices connected to the internet worldwide. However, each device has to be connected to the internet for the first time. And this system enrollment process is critical not only in the early stages of the project but also throughout the entire enterprise. Intelligent and secure provisioning reduces time-to-market while reducing the risk of hostile attacks. If ignored, it could have disastrous consequences for the project’s success.
Device authentication is an essential part of provisioning. It requires securely connecting the device to an Internet of Things service or platform. As part of that procedure, the device provides the credentials to the server, and if it proves it can be trusted, it receives additional configuration data. The process may differ based on the implementation, but it commonly includes authentication techniques such as device certificates or pre-shared keys.
A device cannot be left to its own resources once it has been onboarded. Smart devices, sensors, and other Internet-connected gear are typically shipped with a generic configuration from the manufacturer. The service provider must configure the fleet based on the deployment’s specifics, such as the devices’ installation location and their role in the emerging IoT ecosystem.
In addition, one of the most critical aspects of successful IoT asset management is the ability to fine-tune provisioned devices beyond their default settings. Naturally, you want your devices to behave precisely as they should within the confines of your project. A flexible and intuitive configuration mechanism should allow you to design the behavior of your smart fleet not only when everything goes according to plan but also to react on the fly if anything goes wrong. For example, Azure IoT Central connects your devices, analyzes previously untapped data, integrates business systems, and transforms your company when you uncover new business models and revenue streams.
We’ve reached another critical point on our checklist with maintenance. Unless you’re completely disconnected from reality, you should keep track of your connected devices. You’ve correctly provisioned and configured them, but there’s more to think about. We must be aware that firmware may contain bugs, that the project scope may change and new functionalities become necessary, and that security vulnerabilities may surface, posing a risk to your smart deployment. Comprehensive IoT device management software like JFrog Connect can help with this by providing advanced mechanisms for firmware and software over-the-air updates, ensuring that every device in the field is secure, up-to-date, and bug-free.
Diagnostic capabilities are the unsung heroes of IoT device management. For starters, they are critical in reducing the impact of device downtime caused by firmware bugs or other unanticipated operational issues. Second, they are perhaps as crucial as underappreciated in IoT device management. Third, IoT project managers tend to focus on the more apparent elements (such as those mentioned above), forgetting that predictive maintenance can effectively save the day for their business.
End of Life Management
You can now sit back and pursue your dream of becoming a Forex trader. At the same time, your well-oiled IoT machine does all the work, having been properly configured and fine-tuned to your use case, with its firmware kept up to date and bullet-proof against bad actors’ attempts and random failures. But there’s one last thing to consider: a minor but crucial detail. When considering any IoT enterprise as a whole, it’s critical to examine what happens to all of the devices in the field once the project is over or what happens to a single item when it approaches the end of its useful life.
Such assets must be decommissioned, but doing so cost-effectively and securely is less obvious. In the event of device replacement, an appropriate environment for the deployment of new devices should be provided.
Importance of IoT Device Management Platforms
Investing in a comprehensive and user-friendly device management platform allows you to create a scalable, reliable, and secure IoT solution. The fundamentals of IoT device management, such as onboarding, configuration and control, monitoring and diagnostics, maintenance and software updates, and decommissioning, should all be addressed by your IoT platform. You’re positioning your company for healthy growth when you can handle these activities effectively and efficiently in a secure environment.
IoT is disruptive because it enables firms to take a data-driven approach, allowing them to establish new business models. Furthermore, it makes it easier to improve existing operations and processes. IoT device management has grown increasingly critical as IoT usage has spread across several industries. This necessitates the development of complex systems that can list a fleet of devices and manage and use their full potential. The expansion of features and complexity introduces additional obstacles. As a result, IoT device management can be considered an essential prerequisite and is increasingly becoming a necessary tool for effectively deploying an enterprise’s IoT solution.