Clearly, individual AC systems could have variations in their design according to their manufacturer and setting, for example, one in a resort is most likely to be slightly different to one just cooling down-home, yet they all share the same basic concepts, and each of them uses the following:

  • Refrigerant: A carefully-chosen fluid that has the chemical ability to change to a gas at low-temperature levels.
  • Compressor: The component that puts that gas under high pressure, creating warmth.
  • Evaporator coil: The component that turns the refrigerant from a liquid to a gas.
  • Condenser coil: Transforms refrigerant from a gas to a fluid, expelling this warmth and cooling it once again for the next cycle.
  • Ducting: The channels through which the nice air is distributed throughout the structure.
  • Fans: Keep air relocating through the entire system.

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So, now that you know with the components entailed, here’s how they all meshed!


Here is the simplest way to explain how the whole system functions together:

  • The cooling system pulls in cozy air from your area, usually with a grille.
  • The interior fans strike that heat air over the chilly, low-pressure evaporator coil that contains the refrigerant. A dehumidifier eliminates excess dampness at this stage, too.
  • The refrigerant is cooler than the air, so the warmth from the warm air transfers right into the refrigerant instead, leaving the air cool, as well as completely dry.
  • The nice air is then returned out through the ducting to the remainder of the structure.
    On the other hand, the refrigerant, warm as well as aeriform from the warm transfer, is refined utilizing the compressor, as well as condenser coils. Throughout this procedure, the undesirable warm is launched outside and the newly-cooled refrigerant is relocated through an expandable valve. Once this happens, it’s made ready to cycle back to the evaporator, as well as proceed cooling more inbound air.